Procedures and Hospital Surgeries


Click on the Highlighted Term for Pre and Postoperative instructions and Information about your procedure.


Cervical conization is used to remove effected parts of yours cervix in order to prevent or treat early forms of cervical cancer.

For information and instructions on Cervical Conization


Cervcial cerclage is a purse-string type suture that keeps your cervix closed to help keep the baby from delivering too early.

For information and instructions on Cervical Cerclage


Dilation and curettage is a procedure done to scrape and collect tissue inside the uterus and/or endometrium, which is the lining inside the uterus. Dilation is the widening of the cervix which allows instruments to pass into the uterus, while curettage is the scraping of the uterine walls. This procedure is performed to remove tissue after a miscarriage, diagnose uterine cancer or other conditions, or treat heavy bleeding. It is performed under general or local anesthesia. A speculum is inserted into the vagina to hold it open, while a dilator opens the cervix. A curette is then inserted to gently scrape the tissue, which is then analyzed by a pathologist.

For information and instructions on Dilation and Curettage


Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. The procedure is done either through the abdomen (through a traditional or laparoscopic approach) or through the vagina. A hysterectomy can remove the body of the uterus (supracervical) or body and cervix (total). One may leave or remove her tubes and ovaries depending on reasons for hysterectomy and one’s age. Hysterectomies are typically performed to treat heavy vaginal bleeding, uterine fibroids, pelvic pain, cervical or ovarian cancer, endometriosis and tumors. The surgery usually requires a 1 to 3 day hospital stay and full recovery is expected in six to eight weeks.

For information about Hysterectomy

Instructions for Hysterectomy


Incontinence surgery is done to help assist your bladder in retaining urine. The surgery may be done in conjunction with other surgeries. It is very important that you do Kegal exercises or pelvic floor physical therapy along with your surgery in order to obtain optimal results.

Information about Incontinence Surgery

Instructions for Incontinence Surgery

Pelvic Floor Exercises


Laparoscopy may be used to evaluate and or treat concerns in your abdomen and pelvis. Laparoscopy may used for gynecological concerns as well as infertility concerns. Laparoscopy may be used to perform a hysterectomy. Most of the time laparoscopy is considered same day and you may be able to go home the day of your surgery.

For information and instructions on Laparoscopy


Myomectomy is a procedure that surgically removes fibroids (non-cancerous tumors of the uterus), and repairs the uterus for women who plan to bear children or want to keep their uterus. Myomectomy can be done abdominally, laparoscopically, or hysteroscopically depending on the size and location of the fibroids.

For instructions:

Hysteroscopic (vaginal):  Hysteroscopy

Laparoscopic: Laparoscopy

Abdominally: Hysterectomy (same instructions and risks)

For hysteroscopic (vaginal) myomectomy go to:

For abdominal myomectomy go to:


Pelvic floor surgery is used to support your vaginal walls from falling out. This surgery addresses prolapse of the uterus (uterine prolapsed), bladder (cystocele) and rectum (rectocele). This surgery may be done in conjunction with hysterectomy and incontinence surgery.

For information about Bladder and Pelvic Floor Surgery see: Pelvic Prolapse

For Pelvic Support Surgery see: Pelvic Support Instructions


Tubal ligation is the blocking of the tubes in order to prevent the egg from traveling down into the uterus after ovulation, thus preventing conception. This is considered a permanent and non-reversible form of birth control. The failure rate is less than 1%. Tubal ligation may be done through a traditional open incision (mini-laparotomy), through small incisions (laparoscopy) or vaginally (Essure).

For Essure vaginal tubal ligation: Essure instructions -

For laparoscopic tubal click on: For laparoscopic tubal ligation instructions go to Laparoscopy -